Local laws and customs 

Omani people are very welcoming, respectful and kind. Nevertheless, it is important for all tourists to be sensitive to the Omani  culture and respect their values, traditions and virtues.  Local laws reflect the fact that Oman is an Islamic country. 
You should respect local traditions, customs, laws and religions at all times and be aware of your actions to ensure that they don’t offend, especially during the holy month of Ramadan or if you intend  to visit religious areas. 

Non-Muslims are encouraged to be respectful, and refrain from consuming food and drink in public during Ramadan, as legal experts have called for courteous behavior from non-Muslims, with regards to fasting hours during the Holy Month of Ramadan. Eating, drinking, smoking, playing loud music and dancing in public places during daylight hours of Ramadan is strictly forbidden and punishable by law, including for non-Muslims.

Women should dress modestly in public areas. Clothes should cover the tops of the arms and legs, and underwear should not be visible. You should not wear swimming attire in public areas, except on tourist beaches or swimming pools. 
Women wearing shorts,  or tight-fitting clothes, are likely to attract attention. 

Hobbies that involve cameras and binoculars like bird watching and plane spotting may be misunderstood - particularly if you are near military sites, government buildings and airports. Flying drones or remote-controlled flying devices without a valid licence is against the law. 

Licensed hotels and restaurants sell alcohol. If you live in Oman, you can get a licence to drink alcohol at home from the Royal Oman police. It’s an offence to drink, or be drunk, in public. The legal age for drinking alcohol is 21. 
Importing drugs and pornography into Oman is illegal and can lead to imprisonment. 

The use of bad language and rude gestures is considered an obscene act, including whilst driving or on social media. Public displays of affection may get you into trouble with the police. 

It’s against the law to live together or share the same hotel room with someone of the opposite sex to whom you aren’t married or closely related.
Homosexuality is illegal in Oman.

Carry a copy of your passport, or your Omani ID if you are a resident, at all times for identification and keep the original document  in a safe place.